Legal approaches to sectoral resources issues such as biodiversity, forestry and water
[Author: Carmel McNamara, IOS Press]
Amsterdam, NL – We are pleased to announce that the latest issue of Environmental Policy and Law (EPL) has been published online. This issue includes seven research articles covering law and policy from a global and national perspective, broadly covering sectoral resource issues such as biodiversity, forestry and water. The opening section touches upon legislation for protecting indigenous cultural and intellectual property and, here, one investigation into the sustainable use of forest and land is highlighted.
We invite you to read this extract of the forest resource article by Hananto, et al. (from the Faculty of Law, Diponegoro University, Indonesia). “In its status as a natural resource, the issue of land use raises various complex legal and environmental issues, especially when there is a change in the function of forest areas for plantation and mining activities. The characteristic of the forest, which is a very valuable resource, causes access to use and control of forest resources which often creates problems.” The article compares the global approach to sustainable forestry practices with those of Indonesia, where the structure of control of natural resources is dominated by big businesses with capital power. “They can control forest, land, and mining areas up to millions of hectares. On the other hand, local people have lived relying on these land resources for generations. This unfair distribution of control of natural resources is seen as the basis for real social conflicts.” The paper goes on to cover Indonesia’s rent soil theory – a policy that aims to increase state revenue through the imposition of rent for forest land along with natural resources (wood, lumber, stable soil, etc.). Read the full paper here.